By Harald Motzki
The reports amassed during this quantity exhibit that through cautious research of the texts and the chains of transmission, the background of Muslim traditions should be reconstructed with a excessive measure of likelihood and their historicity assessed afresh.
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Extra resources for Analysing Muslim Traditions (Islamic History and Civilization)
46 47 20 harald motzki Anonymous traditions like this one are usually not found transmitted from Ibn Shihāb alone in the Muwaṭtạ ʾ. So we have to conclude that the anonymous reference to Ibn Shihāb in collective quotations is an inexact, because shortened, form of quotation which actually should run as follows: [Yaḥ yā ibn Yaḥ yā] transmitted to me from Mālik from Ibn Shihāb, and that he had been told (balaghahu) about [the Successors] X and Y that they used to say: . . 48 Mālik’s anonymous indirect reference to Ibn Shihāb in collective quotations should not be considered, therefore, as a real indirect transmission.
28 harald motzki When Mālik’s quotations of Zuhrī’s raʾy found in the Muwaṭtạ ʾ are compared with Maʿmar’s and Ibn Jurayj’s raʾy transmissions from Zuhrī contained in the Muṣannaf, the correspondences are even higher (80%) than between Maʿmar and Ibn Jurayj. Here, too, completely identical texts are rather unusual; the majority only have the same content; and we occasionally find contradictions as well. The causes of the sometimes smaller, sometimes bigger differences are probably the same as mentioned above.
IV. 44 The Muwaṭtạ ʾ is basically a muṣannaf work similar to those by Maʿmar and Ibn Jurayj, but more fully amplified with annotations. If analysed according to the alleged origin of its transmissions, the following picture emerges: Mālik refers most frequently to Ibn Shihāb [al-Zuhrī] (21%), who, for this reason, can be considered his main informant. Texts from Nāfiʿ, the mawlā of Ibn ʿUmar, and from Yaḥ yā ibn Saʿīd al-Anṣārī follow at some distance (14% each). Rabīʿa ibn Abī ʿAbd al-Raḥ mān, ʿAbd al-Raḥ mān ibn al-Qāsim, Hishām ibn ʿUrwa, and ʿAbd Allāh ibn Abī Bakr are among the informants mentioned less frequently (4‒2%).
Analysing Muslim Traditions (Islamic History and Civilization) by Harald Motzki