By Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi
The culture of philosophy within the Persian-speaking global is awfully wealthy, inventive and various. This anthology, that's divided into 3 volumes, goals to speak whatever of that richness and variety. The time period "philosophy" is known to in its widest experience to incorporate theological debate, philosophical Sufism and philosophical hermeneutics (ta'wil). Extending over a interval of greater than millennia, and showcasing translations by way of well-established students, the anthology deals complete bibliographical references all through. For somebody drawn to exploring, in all their various manifestations, the interesting philosophical traditions of Persia, this type of wide-ranging and bold paintings might be an integral source. quantity 2 covers 5 centuries of Ismaili philosophy, and comprises extracts from striking Ismaili works together with the Rasa'il Ikhwan al-Safa (Treatises of the Brethren of Purity) and the philosophical odes of Nasir Khusraw. it truly is of significant importance that, within the early centuries of Islam, philosophers have been encouraged through Pythagorean and airtight principles, that are frequently linked to Shi'i idea quite often and Ismailism specifically. Ismaili philosophy at the present was once capable of combine strands of Greco-Alexandrian concept equivalent to Hermeticism and Neo-Pythagoreanism, in addition to points of Mazdaeism and Manichaeism. It additionally confirmed marked curiosity in Neo-Platonism.
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Extra info for An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 2: Ismaili Thought in the Classical Age
This battle [is fought] with humility, as He the Exalted said, ‘And you should fight for the cause of God with your wealth and your lives’ [Qurʾān, 61:11]. When he has completed [the above worship] then he should go for the pilgrimage. He must take the provision and the riding camel, and he should have thirty dīnārs of gold of the caliphate in order to cross the desert. Then he should cross the ʿAqabah of Satan, the robbers, the desert nomads and reach the House of God and pray with six hundred thousand people.
He was a Persian who was taken into the household of the Prophet. Later he became the model of spiritual adoption and mystical initiation in Shiʿism and Sufism. Cf. Louis Massignon, ‘Salmān Pāk et les prémices spirituelles de l’Islam iranien’, Société des études iraniennes, 7 (1934). repr. in Opera Minora (Damascus 1957), I, pp. 443–483. Umm al-kitāb 23 placed above the heart. Six [constellations] are below the heart which are navel [corresponding] to Libra, the genitals to Scorpio, thighs to Sagittarius, knees to Capricorn, legs to Aquarius, and feet to Pisces.
It is concealed within the Spirit of Faith.  The next one is the Spirit of Reflection (rūḥ-i fikr) of the Pen of the [Guarded] Tablet. It is concealed within the Spirit of Preservation. Then comes the Spirit of Invincibility (rūḥ-i jabarūt), which is concealed within the Spirit of Reflection. The next one is the Spirit of Knowledge (rūḥ al-ʿilm) which is concealed within the Spirit of Invincibility. Then there is the Spirit of Intellect (rūḥ al-ʿaql) which is concealed within the Spirit of Knowledge.
An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 2: Ismaili Thought in the Classical Age by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi