By Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz
The advance of aggressive agro-industries is essential for developing employment and source of revenue possibilities in addition to improving the standard of and insist for farm items. Agro-industries may have a true impact on overseas improvement via expanding financial development and decreasing poverty in either rural and concrete parts of constructing nations. although, with a purpose to steer clear of opposed results to weak international locations and other people, sound guidelines and methods for fostering agro-industries are wanted. With contributions from agro-industry experts, educational specialists and UN technical enterprises, chapters tackle the suggestions and activities required for bettering agro-industrial competitiveness in ways in which can create source of revenue, generate employment and struggle poverty within the constructing international. Agro-industries for improvement highlights the present prestige and destiny direction for agro-industries and brings recognition to the contributions this zone could make to overseas improvement. This booklet is a co-publication with FAO and UNIDO
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Additional resources for Agro-industries for Development
In many cases these technologies are imported, although import taxation regimes, access to foreign exchange and the exchange rate can act as significant impediments. This reflects the fact that research and development expenditure in many developing countries is low. Alternatively, the transfer of physical and human capital can occur internationally, through linkages with multinational corporations, technical assistance provided by bilateral or multilateral donors, etc. Indeed, there is mounting evidence that firms in developing countries can accrue critical capacities through their interactions with international buyers (Schmitz and Knorringa, 2000).
Value of foreign direct investment (FDI) from OECD countries in agriculture and fisheries and food manufacturing sectors, 1981–2005. ) products. This is illustrated further by the level of cross-border mergers and acquisitions in certain agro-industrial sectors in developing regions (Table 2). The increasing flows of FDI to developing countries serve not only to alleviate capital constraints on processes of industrialization (Reardon and Barrett, 2000) but also to facilitate the flow of new technologies and management practices, and to induce more efficient paths to organizational and institutional change.
A further critical factor in the historic competitiveness of agro-industries in developing countries has been labour costs. Access to a plentiful supply of cheap labour explains, at least in part, why agro-processing enterprises in developing countries tend to be less capitalized than their industrialized country counterparts. While labour costs remain a key element of the competitiveness of some sub-sectors, for example, the production of semi-prepared fresh vegetables in Kenya for export to the European Union, in other sectors capacity utilization and the ability to meet consumer demands for product safety and quality are more critical, as in the dairy processing sector.
Agro-industries for Development by Carlos da Silva, Doyle Baker, Andrew Shepherd, Chakib Jenane, Sérgio Miranda-da-Cruz