By Jean-Louis van Gelder, Henk Elffers, Danielle Reynald, Daniel S Nagin
Research and theorizing on felony choice making has no longer stored velocity with contemporary advancements in different fields of human choice making. while legal selection making idea remains to be principally ruled by means of cognitive techniques resembling rational choice-based types, psychologists, behavioral economists and neuroscientists have discovered impact (i.e., feelings, moods) and visceral components reminiscent of sexual arousal and drug yearning, to play a basic function in human selection processes.
This ebook examines substitute techniques to incorporating impact into legal choice making and checking out its impact on such judgements. In so doing it generalizes extant cognitive theories of felony determination making by way of incorporating impact into the choice procedure. In conceptual and ten empirical chapters it truly is rigorously argued how impact impacts felony judgements along rational and cognitive issues. The empirical reports use a large choice of tools starting from interviews and observations to experimental methods and questionnaires, and deal with crimes as various as road theft, pilfering, and intercourse offences. will probably be of curiosity to criminologists, social psychologists, judgment and selection making researchers, behavioral economists and sociologists alike.
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Additional resources for Affect and Cognition in Criminal Decision Making
To this end they conducted two experiments. In the ﬁrst experiment, participants engaged in a simple task that allowed them to anonymously determine their own as well as another’s monetary outcomes. Shalvi et al. ﬁnd that anger led to dishonestly disadvantaging the other. These ﬁndings were replicated in a second experiment that further showed that the strategy angry people use to disadvantage the subject of their anger is an opportunistic shufﬂing of facts in a way that hurts the other. The chapter concludes with a discussion of the interplay between emotions and justiﬁcations in shaping unethical behaviour and how the ﬁndings contribute to crime theory.
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In Chapter 11, Treiber examines the neurological underpinnings of criminal decision making using a dual-process account. More speciﬁcally, the role of the neurocognitive functioning of two key brain regions associated with intuitive and emotive processes in young people’s involvement in crime is studied. Previous studies have linked dorsolateral prefrontal functions with reasoned/rational decision making, and ventromedial prefrontal functions with intuitive/emotive decision making. The ﬁndings from the present chapter support these assertions and imply that these functions play a supporting role in people’s morality and the ability to exercise self-control, both of which are key characteristics implicated in criminal decision making.
Affect and Cognition in Criminal Decision Making by Jean-Louis van Gelder, Henk Elffers, Danielle Reynald, Daniel S Nagin