By Alton Meister
Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, providing researchers entry to authoritative experiences of the newest discoveries in all components of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, delivering an unmatched view of the historic improvement of enzymology. The sequence bargains researchers the newest figuring out of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in advanced organic method, and their software in either the laboratory and undefined. every one quantity within the sequence positive factors contributions by way of top pioneers and investigators within the box from all over the world. All articles are conscientiously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.
With its wide selection of issues and lengthy old pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and comparable components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just by means of scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but additionally through any scientist attracted to the invention of an enzyme, its houses, and its functions.
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Physiol. , 209, 59 (1932). 14. Bergmann, Max, Harvey Lectures. Vol. 31, Williams & ,Wilkins, Baltimore. 1936, p. 37. 15. , Science, 86, 187 (1937). 16. Bernal, J. , Nature, 133,794 (1934). 17. Bernal, J. , J . Gen. , 25, 111 (1941). 18. Bernal, J. , and Riley, D. , 142, 1075 (1938). 19. , Bull. Sac. Chem. , 18, 213 (1936). 20. , Compt. , 182,1305 (1926). 21. , 173, 176 (1921). 22. , Biochem. Z . , 254,467 (1932). 23. Bolomey, R. , and Allen, F. , J . B i d . , 144, 113 (1942). 24. , J. Gen. ,25,263 (1941).
ACTION OF THE QLYCOSIDASES 45 From the standpoint of the mechanism of the reaction, the comparison of the ease of enzymatic hydrolysis of the phenyl and thiophenyl @-glucosides is of particular interest. These compounds differ only in the nature of the glucosidic linkage which is, in one case, through an oxygen a t o h and, in the other, through a sulfur atom. Presumably, the adsorptive forces between the enzyme and substrate are very similar, since the aglycon groups and the sugar radicals of the two are identical.
Kikkawa (89) made comparable studies of Ephestia, Bombyx, and Drosophila, with the results shown in Table IV. As the table indicates, he 24 ADDISON GULICK TABLE IV PIGMENT IN EQGS AND VARIOUS ORGANS Enmyme Source IV I I1 Ephestia Wild (black) +- Bombyx Black (wild) White I Pink Brown 2-K Drosophila eyes: Wild Vermillion Cinnabar White +*? + + + + + +* ++* +*? ” /CH-CH-COOH I Hydroxytryptophane OH N Kynurenic acid GENE STRUCTURE AND ACTION 25 As tabulated by Kikkawa, the effects of some genes deal sharply with the presence or absence of single enzymes (Bombyx, white I; Bombyx, pink; Drosophila, cinnabar) while other genes seem to have an effect that is spread over more than one mode of action (Bombyx,brown 2-K; Drosophila, white).
Advances in Enzymology and Related Areas of Molecular Biology, Volume 4 by Alton Meister