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By E. Müller

Excerpt from A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language

It will be quite misplaced in an trouble-free Gram mar to go into right into a lengthy dialogue in regards to the age and starting place of the Pali language. a number of phrases at the topic should be enough: Kuhn, following Westergaard, holds Pfili to be the vernacular of Ujjein, the capital of Mz'ilava on the time whilst Mahinda, the son of Asoka, took the sacred Canon with him to Ceylon (beitrage, p. however, Oldenberg, rejecting that culture, considers Pali to be the unique language of the Kalinga nation (vinaya pitaka, creation, p. Liv). He compares the language of the massive inscription at Khandagiri (cunningham, Corpus Inscriptionum, i. And unearths merely little or no distinction among this and the pah. From this he con cludes that there should have been, a couple of hundred and fifty years earlier than Mahinda, a common sex among Kalinga and the island; actually, that the faith, including its language, used to be introduced over from there to Ceylon.

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M. 397; pativimsa or pativisa, Suttavibh. i. ' I^is changed to r in &w/mz=kuliya, 'mattress,' according to Buddhaghosa, Suttavibb. C. vi. 2, 3 ; sawzawem=cramaneya, 'a ' external ' 40, 357, Pat. 86, spelt kulira, ii. vedhavera = vaidhaveya, (bdhiya. Jat. ' It is = jyotayati, jotalati i. the son of a widow ' ;' novice,' Kacc. 188; bdhira=\)a\ija, 422); atararaft'=antarayati, 'to run changed to ZJn latthi = yaahti, 'stick,' 'to lighten,' Kacc. 234, upakkamdlati upakramayati, 'to matioeuvre,' ib. 235 = to h in ftaAwta=:nayuta, ; 'a vast number,' battle,' pati, rwfl/y'a^a=rauanjaya, 'victorious in the Mil.

Ill, Suttavibh. ii. (the full 26(3); pindsa, 'catarrh' Skt. pinasa; parajjhati for aparajjhati, from radh, 'to be injured;' pavana=upa\ana, 'side of a mountaiu,' acSubhuti, Jat. i. yAa:=aveksha, cording to ' care,' Mahaparin. 25, Rhys David's Buddhist Suttas p. 37. for api, ti for iti, va for iva and eva, we shall About pi speak hereafter in the chapter on Sandhi. g. Consonants. 8. (1) Gutturals. =kunda, ' turner,' Mil. is 331 represented by a ; inj and its com- pound samminj were also believed to come under this rule by Fausboll, Dhp.

Osanhati, at C. v. the same but its 1 2, 3, is also spelt , with the cerebral, and I believe this to be I the correct spelling, as the n is already found in Samskrit. jnaptika, 'not 2) ana, existing,' in area=ajna, 'order,' dnapeti, dnd- &c. g. samyoga or sannoga. is always retained. ' a short syllable always assimiBefore a vowel is nasal vowels being invariably considered as long. required, the NASAL TOWELS. 21 The grammarian Vanaratana, according to Trenckner, Pali Misc. 80, remarks that h may be joined to any one of the five h for with the nasals; guttural nasal I can adduce no example, but for h with the dental nasal we have cinha cihna, mark,' = ' ' pubbanha, Mil.

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A simplified grammar of the Pali language by E. Müller


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