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Brad Montgomery-Anderson's A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee PDF

By Brad Montgomery-Anderson

The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing approach within the usa. Invented by way of Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it used to be swiftly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy premiums as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing approach, the Cherokee syllabary, is totally defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and in simple terms entire released grammar of the Cherokee language.

even if the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken via the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it offers the grammatical origin upon which the entire dialects are dependent. In his advent, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson deals a short account of Cherokee background and language revitalization projects, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The booklet then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, components of speech, and syntax.

whereas the booklet is meant as a reference grammar for skilled students, Montgomery-Anderson provides the data in obtainable phases, relocating from more straightforward examples to extra advanced linguistic constructions. Examples are taken from various assets, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of varied textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the amount additionally comprises 3 appendices: a thesaurus keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a set of literary texts: conventional tales and a old account of a seek social gathering touring up the Arkansas River.

The Cherokee kingdom, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the most important in Oklahoma, besides the United Keetoowah Band and the jap band of Cherokees, have a good number of those who converse their local language. Like different tribes, they've got visible a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, relatively one of the younger, yet they've got replied with formidable courses for conserving and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function a necessary source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee historical past, language, and tradition on their lonesome terms.

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Compared to the other sonorants, the liquid /l/ changes significantly when it is in contact with /h/. 12 The lateral liquid /l/ is contrasted with the lateral fricative in (17). 2. Nasals In Cherokee there are two nasal sounds; they contrast by place of articulation. Two examples are shown in (18). ’ The bilabial nasal /m/ does not cluster with /h/; moreover, this sound is rare and occurs in only a small set of words. ’ In addition to the small set of native words, /m/ also appears more commonly as borrowed words and names from English.

The combination may sound like the devoiced [n] with 40 a whispering-like [h] in front of it or simply a devoiced [n]. This pronunciation difference depends on the speaker or how carefully it is articulated. ’ ‘turkey’ In word-final position sonorants are often devoiced as well; they are not written with /h/ as this change is predictable. The devoiced sonorants have a more restricted distribution than the aspirated obstruents. Whereas all of the aspirated obstruents appear word-initially (albeit infrequently), only the voiceless [y] appears at the beginning of lexical items.

In (1) are examples of a minimal and near-minimal pair. g. g. ‘mushroom’ and ‘hawk’ in pairs (1b)). These pairs help to establish the sounds under 34 investigation as separate phonemes. [t] [t‫]ܒ‬ t th cOl tawooli tOd thawooti ‘mushroom’ ‘hawk’ In (2) are examples of contrasting aspirated and unaspirated velar stops. 2) [k] [k‫]ܒ‬ k kh qw qw koola khoola ‘winter’ ‘bone’ The labialized velar stops [kw] and [khw] are phonetically identical to clusters of velar stop and [w]. 3). The aspirated cluster is found much less frequently than its unaspirated counterpart and it is difficult to find examples of minimal or nearminimal pairs.

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A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee by Brad Montgomery-Anderson

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