By David G. Rempel
In this shiny and interesting examine, David Rempel combines his first-hand account of lifestyles in Russian Mennonite settlements in the course of the landmark interval of 1900-1920, with a wealthy portrait of six generations of his ancestral family members from the basis of the 1st colony - the Khortitsa cost - in 1789 to the country's cataclysmic civil war.
Born in 1899 within the Mennonite village of Nieder Khortitsa at the Dnieper River, the writer witnessed the upheaval of the following a long time: the 1905 revolution, the quasi-stability wrought from Stolypin reforms, global warfare I and the specter of estate expropriation and exile, the 1917 Revolution, and the Civil struggle within which he persevered the whole horrors of the Makhnovshchina - the fear of career of his village and residential by means of the bandit horde led via Nestor Makhno - and the typhus epidemic left of their wake.
Published posthumously, this publication deals a penetrating view of 1 of Tsarist and early Soviet Russia's smallest, but such a lot dynamic, ethno-religious minorities.
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Extra info for A Mennonite Family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923
They appear on Map 1 (page 12), except for Kronsgarten, which was to the north of the area designated on this map. 12 A Mennonite Family in Russia and the Soviet Union Map 1 PART ONE Father's Ancestral Family: The Rempels This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER TWO Cherkessy with Broken-Tipped Knives: The Rempel Clan In Nieder Khortitsa the Rempel name, or Rampel, as it was pronounced in Plautdietsch or Low German, which was the Mennonite mother tongue, was as common as Petersen in a Danish village or Jones and Smith in an American town.
Her maiden name suggests the couple was at least distantly related. In any event, Anna cared for the motherless boys, and ultimately married off two of her granddaughters to Gerhard's sons. Her relation to these girls thus became simultaneously grandmother and stepmother-in-law. By the time Anna died in 1837, Gerhard's children were grown, yet in less than a year he married his fourth wife, the family maid, Helena Dyck. 3 The aged groom acquired a housekeeper to tend to his needs, while the bride received the inalienable right to the comforts and conveniences of a well-furnished house and a generously stocked larder.
Nieder Khortitsa's officials, headed by Mayor Rempel, and supported by the community, refused to cooperate. Fortunately, Cornies died the following year, before he could mete out his usual punishment for such recalcitrance. Although such forms of punishment seem out of keeping with Mennonite tradition, there is ample evidence of Cornies's brutish methods. Furthermore, the Odessabased Guardianship Committee (the governmental agency of the Ministry of State Domains overseeing colonist affairs until its abolition in 1871) must have approved of Cornies's directives, if not necessarily his methods.
A Mennonite Family in Tsarist Russia and the Soviet Union, 1789-1923 by David G. Rempel