By Rigomar Rieger
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Extra info for A Glossary of Genetics and Cytogenetics: Classical and Molecular
Capsid (LwotJ, Anderson & Jacob 1959) - the protein coat of a virus particle or -+ virion which may take different forms (either helical or isometric), depending on the nature of the protein subunits from which the c. is formed. Components (protein subunits) of capsids observed in the electron microscope on axes of symmetry are referred to as capsomeres. Composite capsids may consist of more than one kind of capsomere. capsomere (LwotJ, Anderson & Jacob 1959) - -+ capsid. carrier - a -+ heterozygous genotype for a recessive allele which often may be the cause of an abnormal genetic (medical) condition.
Of populations or generations composed of male and female individuals as opposed to a unisexual parthenogenetic population or generation (-+ parthenogenesis). e. describes the possible conditions of which the given condition represents one of two mutually exclusive possibilities (such as "yes" or "no"). bithallic (Ahmad 1954) - -+ heteromixis. bivalent (Haecker 1892) - a pairing configuration (-+ chromosome pairing) during the first meiotic division which consists of two completely or partially homologous chromosomes (-+ pseudobivalent, quasibivalent).
Each cell is a strictly delimited system which may be easily identified by its material nature, its structural organization and its behavioral expressions. e. the cellular substance as a whole, is differentiated into the --+ cvtoplasm and the cell --+ nucleus (in eukaryotes) or --+ nucleoid (in pr~to karyotes). Each cell is surrounded by a --+ plasma membrane and in certain species by a --+ cell wall as well. e. the soluble phase composed of water, salts and free molecules (including many enzymes).
A Glossary of Genetics and Cytogenetics: Classical and Molecular by Rigomar Rieger