By Lucy Eldersveld Murphy
In a meeting of Rivers, Lucy Eldersveld Murphy strains the histories of Indian, multiracial, and mining groups within the western nice Lakes quarter through the eighteenth and early 19th centuries. For a century the Winnebagos (Ho-Chunks), Mesquakies (Fox), and Sauks effectively faced waves of French and British immigration through diversifying their economies and commercializing lead mining.Focusing on own tales and unique group histories, Murphy charts the replaced financial forces at paintings within the zone, connecting them to shifts in gender roles and intercultural relationships. She argues that French, British, and local peoples cast cooperative social and fiscal bonds expressed in part via mixed-race marriages and the emergence of multiethnic groups at eco-friendly Bay and Prairie du Chien. considerably, local peoples within the western nice Lakes area have been capable of adapt effectively to the hot frontier industry financial system till their lead mining operations grew to become the envy of outsiders within the 1820s.
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Extra resources for A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Metis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832
Around Habogu ˛ ˛ga i allied her people with the French in the usual way by marrying a French army oﬃcer and fur trader. 50 Like royalty worldwide, elite Indian women frequently served their people by marrying for diplomatic reasons, and Habogu ˛ ˛ga’s i marriage clearly linked her people politically and economically with the powerful ascendant French. After about seven years, Glory of the Morning’s husband returned to make his home in Quebec or Montreal, taking their daughter, Na ˛ noap, Oakleaf, with him but leaving their two sons with her.
26 The basic philosophy governing social and political relationships was one of personal autonomy and voluntary compliance with community goals. People ought not to use force against their kin or neighbors, the Indians believed. Even chiefs advised rather than ruled. ‘‘Subordination is not a maxim among the savages,’’ Perrot wrote. ‘‘The father does not venture to exercise authority over his son, nor does the chief dare to give commands to his soldier—he will mildly entreat; and if any one is stubborn .
On the one hand, when people specialized in related endeavors at either the group or individual level, this could create mutual interdependence. For example, the fur trade depended on Native Americans who specialized in producing pelts while Creoles played the special roles of merchants. ) On the other hand, cooperation in the same economic pursuits could potentially create some form of accommodation. This concept—paired with ethnocentrism—drove reformers’ campaigns for Indian acculturation to Euro-American production, such as eﬀorts to teach Indian men whites’ farming methods and programs to train Indian girls and women to be domestic servants.
A Gathering of Rivers: Indians, Metis, and Mining in the Western Great Lakes, 1737-1832 by Lucy Eldersveld Murphy