By by Abdul Gani Asyik.
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Additional resources for A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences
I '(any) one,' beurangkari 'any (of several)' 8. 1 Glossing Conventions To indicate levels or politeness, some subscripts will be used in the glosses of pronouns and their bound forms. However, the following are not marked with a diacritic: (1) the third person pronoun jih 'he/she/it/they' and its prefixal and suffixal forms ii- and -iih when used for animals or unrespected entities; (2) geu- '3' (from gopnyan 'he/sher') when used for children with the meaning 'youy' or 'one' as in Bek lagee nvan geu-meututo 'Don't like that 3talk (One should not talk like that)'; and (3) first person pronouns, except JsaaThe subscripts and the pronouns to which they are applied are: (vulgar).
Taleb teacher(for religion) w e e x c 'Teungku Taleb is our religious 18. ' dara nyan? Whose child title girl that ' Whose child is that girlT A person's name or the word by which a person is called is never used without a title. Some title words are nouns, such as kinship terms, words for respected professions or trades, etc. The titles, except ai/ are sometimes used to address a person without mentioning the person's name. It is politer to call an older or respected person by his title than to mention his name; calling his name may be considered rude unless the caller is at the same age and status or it is necessary to mention the name.
This is applied to kah/ iih/ awaknvoe. awaknyan. and their bound forms. Two other subscripts are e x c and ±nc for 'exclusive' and 'inclusive' respectively, which are used for kamoe and geutanvoe and their bound forms. 2 The Use of Pronominal Affixes Pronominal affixes in Acehnese are used for three different purposes: (1) as agreement markers or crossreferencing clitics, (2) as the reduced forms of possessors or possessive endings, and (3) as the reduced forms of objects. [i]. As agreement markers.
A contextual grammar of Acehnese sentences by by Abdul Gani Asyik.