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Read e-book online A Companion to the Latin Language (Blackwell Companions to PDF

ISBN-10: 144434336X

ISBN-13: 9781444343366

A better half to the Latin Language offers a set of unique essays from overseas students that tune the advance and use of the Latin language from its origins to its modern-day usage.
• Brings jointly contributions from the world over popular classicists, linguists and Latin language specialists
• bargains, in one quantity, a close account of other literary registers of the Latin language
• Explores the social and political contexts of Latin
• comprises new money owed of the Latin language in mild of recent linguistic theory
• Supplemented with illustrations overlaying the advance of the Latin alphabet

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Extra info for A Companion to the Latin Language (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Volume 132)

Example text

The Roman alphabet, carried by military personnel, traders, and adventurers, penetrated into the alpine regions of northern Italy in the second and first centuries BCE. 68 The Latin text was written with the letter san (transcribed as ś) appropriated from the Lugano alphabet. 69 During the height of Roman imperium Latin was spoken and – more importantly for our purposes – written in Europe, southern Britain, Northern Africa, the Balkan region as far south as Greece, and portions of the Middle East.

A clever and innovative scribe resurrected the “dead” letters B, D and O in order to represent sounds in Latin that were not found in the Etruscan phonological system. Direct transmission from Greek does not permit a compelling explanation for the use of the letter C to represent a voiceless velar stop in Latin, whereas borrowing from Etruscan does. Date of Borrowing and Other Considerations Determining the date of the origin of the Latin alphabet is problematic. 22 The number that can be dated to the seventh century BCE is smaller still.

COS = consul, IIVIR = duumuir, IMP = imperator. , Q PETRONI = Q(uintus) Petroni(us). These abbreviations were devised in order to save space and labor, and therefore expense. Letter Names The origin of the letter names used by the Romans is a mystery. 64 It is certain, however, that the Etruscans or the Romans (Latins), or perhaps both, made changes to the names for the letters because they no longer resembled their Greek and Phoenician antecedents. 1). g. A /a /. The letter names for stop consonants had CV structure; the default vowel was /e /, except for the letters K and Q, which were pronounced with the vowels with which they were most often written, namely A and V.

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A Companion to the Latin Language (Blackwell Companions to the Ancient World, Volume 132)


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